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ancient Rome

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According to legend, Romulus and Remus, the Roman twins had been separated from his mother and left on the Tiber River to starve. But the mother-wolf found them and took care of them. Over the years the boys were instructed to Mars, the Roman god of war, to build a city where they were found. They built the city, but declared war on each other. Romulus won and thus the city was called Rome.

Life in Ancient Rome, is said to have started in the 8 or 9th century BC. This happened when northern soldiers moved to the Italian Peninsula and rehabilitated over the Tiber River. For centuries, Rome was considered the most important city of the Roman Empire. Rome was the capital and occupied all the seats of power.

In historical times, Rome was ruled by kings. The reputation of these kings was extremely tough. As a result, the last king, Proud Tarquini, was overthrown and Rome for four centuries has received the status of the republic. Rome then ruled the Senate. Romans elected senators who perform administrative tasks. A distinctive feature of the Roman Empire was that during election time to vote were allowed only to citizens of Rome. However, women, poor people and slaves were not considered citizens.

Rome also passed the stage when they led the military generals. However, since these generals were many, decision-making has become a problem. Romans needed an emperor to centralize power. It came in the form of Augustus Caesar, who came to power in 27 BC

When Christianity gained popularity, Rome became an important seat of the Roman Catholic Church and the Pope's birthplace. With the advent of the Middle Ages humanity has seen the decline of the Roman Empire. Despite the decline of the empire, the city has revived its fame as the political capital of Europe for several hundred years before the Renaissance. Rome today is a powerful and well-known as the capital of Italy, with its beautiful architecture and culture.

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