The Swiss Luxury Hotel has received the Bitcoin growth rate

Today guests of one of the best five star hotels in Switzerland can pay for Bitcoin service.

The Dodder Grand announced April 2, the day when Bitcoin rose 23 percent, beginning to receive cryptocurrencies for room reservations, spa treatments and another cup of coffee. The hotel’s managing director, Marc Jacobs, told CNN Money that they produce bitcoins because of the broad potential in the tax industry, adding that they did not really understand the possibility of their success.

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As for bitcoin or not bitcoin
The comments came when retailers allowed bitcoin as a means of payment after the service failed to gain traction. According to blockchain firm Shinealysis, in 2018, the use of bitcoin in commercial payments has dropped to 80 percent. Some big companies that have adopted bitcoins have left this option early, given the problems of price volatility and regulation. For example, game company Steam withdrew its cryptocurrency option a year after its adoption, due to the high quotes. Expedia Travel Management Portal and Stripe Payment Processor have also been expanded.

But Swiss companies are still interested in getting into Bitcoin. Jacobs believes the positive sentiment comes from the cryptography-based environment, which allows retailers to properly regulate and help with bitcoin making.


Romantic Hotels in 19th Century

Few Victorian hotels have retained their romance and beauty while admiring California’s Del Coronado Hotel, Michigan’s Mackinac Island Grand and Georgia’s Jekyll Island Club Hotel, each relatively similar, each unique.
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Located on the west end of San Diego Bay, Del Coronado is a landmark of Coronado Island, whose charming gardens cover more than 15 hectares of beautiful beachfront property. And starting this month, look for a giant gold ribbon tied to the hotel’s red tower in celebration of its 125th anniversary!
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Built in 1888, the hotel is a Victorian-era castle. When built, the Del Coronado was the largest building in America outside New York City to be electrically lit. Thomas Edison himself arrived to take charge of the introduction of his creation of incandescent lamp.
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Named “The Del” by locals, the hotel has a rich history, welcoming presidents, princes and Hollywood legends. Author L. Frank Baum called “The Del” at home while writing “The Wizard of Oz,” basing his projects on Emerald City at the hotel.
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Del Coronado Hotel is often used as a backdrop for film and television productions. Although the film was shot on Mackinac Island, Michigan, many who read the book say “The Del” was the inspiration for the classic romantic movie. “Somewhere in time “ starring Christopher Reeve and Jane Seymour,.
Mackinac Island is marked as “America’s Summer Spot”, but it is the Grand Hotel of Mackinac Island, built in 1887, that really lives up to “Grand”. If Del Coronado is a Victorian-era castle, the Grand Hotel is a Victorian-era palace. Taking only four months to build, it has weathered the seasons for over 125 years.
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The 385-room Grand holds the largest balcony in the world. At 660 feet long, the veranda extends the entire length of the building, and during summer pre-dinner cocktails are served on the veranda. In fact, this hotel is big in every way. Even its location, high above the rest of Mackinac Island, offers a great view.
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By ferry to Mackinac Island, visitors are involved at a different time and place. As motor vehicles are prohibited, carriages await passengers upon arrival. The horse clip prevails. Like Del Coronado, the Grand Hotel was also visited by world-renowned presidents and artists.
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The hotel gained cinematic fame when the 1980 film “Somewhere in Time” was filmed here. Although in the movie, Christopher Reeve got behind the wheel of a sports car due to Hollywood scripts. “Somewhere in Time “is considered by many to be a cult romantic classic.
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Unlike Mackinac Island, motor vehicles are allowed on Jekyll Island, but the island is abundant with untouched natural wonders that include beautiful oaks shrouded in Spanish moss.
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While the Victorian-style club hotel, built in 1888, offers plenty of charm, outdoor exploring offers the pleasure of the beach and maritime forest. The island’s beaches and forests are protected from the sprawling state of Georgia.
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Jekyll Island was first developed in the late 1800s by America’s foremost millionaires, who wanted a place of their own for winter seclusion. During World War II, the island was closed by the Federal Government for security reasons. After the war, descendants of the first millionaire families were no longer interested in returning.
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In recent times, the club has been restored to its former elegance, featuring leaded glass windows and wooden ornaments. Neither a palace nor a castle is the lovely tower that is famous here. Victorian appeal dominates the public areas of the Jekyll Island Hotel Club, a place previously reserved for the richest in America.
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Don’t let any of these nineteenth-century hotels look old-fashioned. The laid back pace of the past blends in and blends with all the amenities of the present to make a visit to any of these hotels memorable, whether at night or simply dining, visitors have exceptional accommodation. For romantics, staying in one of these hotels is like living a fairy tale.


Lexington Hotel Reveals Al Capone Secrets

The Lexington Hotel, located on the corner of 22nd St. and Michigan Avenue on the south side of Chicago, was the headquarters and nerve center of Al Capone’s smuggling and extortion empire.
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Behind the innocent-looking closets of hotel sheets and uniforms were secret stairway doors that led to dozens of rooms, like the shooting gallery where Capone and his gangster companions were aiming.
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Other secret passages led to Capone’s own medicine cabinet and to taverns and brothels connected by hidden tunnels. Other tunnels led to hatches on the Dyke, which provided escape routes for mobsters fleeing police attacks and rival gangs.
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The Lexington Hotel was originally built in 1892, designed by architect Clinton Warren, who had also designed the Congress Hotel. The Lexington was hastily built of brick and terracotta to accommodate the masses expected to visit Chicago for the 1893 World’s Fair.
President Benjamin Harrison once gave a balcony address to a huge audience down the street. Al Capone moved to Lexington in July 1928 and, officially registered as “George Phillips”, occupied the luxurious fifth-floor suite of rooms. Capone’s office overlooked Michigan Avenue.
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In the lobby, armed men in hotel uniforms watched the front doors closely, and other guards armed with machine guns patrolled the floors above. From here he directed his illicit and highly profitable operations until October 1931, when he was escorted from the hotel to prison.
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The pinnacle of Al Capone’s success – and also heralding his downfall, was the 1929 St. Valentine’s Day massacre that effectively annihilated Capone’s last gangster rivals but also provoked the wrath of the public and federal government (which sent Eliot Ness to the rescue) upside down.
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Al Capone allegedly had some safes in the lower levels of the Lexington Hotel, where he had hidden his money. These safes were so well hidden that even Capone’s closest associates didn’t know where they were.
In the 1980s, after the glory days of Lexington had passed, the one-woman construction company considered restoring the Lexington Hotel. Researchers exploring the hotel’s ruined ruins locate sealed rooms where Capone’s hidden fortune rests.
In 1986 Geraldo Rivera, the well-known talk show host of TV, brought a live national TV audience to the venue in his immaculate shirt uniform for a modern day treasure hunt.
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IRS agents were also present, anticipating their part in the withdrawal. Rivera’s crew crossed the 7,000-pound concrete wall, thought to be the secret hideout of Capone’s fortune … but when the smoke cleared, only an old sign and a few empty bottles were found. If there was once a fortune there, it had already been withdrawn long ago.


How to Find the Best Hotels in Chicago

There are several factors to consider when trying to find the best hotels in Chicago. Cost, location, amenities, and quality of service can all be included in the equation.

  • Use the Internet to find the best hotels in Chicago. Budget-conscious travelers should look for less expensive hotels, usually found on South Michigan Avenue.
  • Hotels near Chicago’s Loop and Near North Side tend to be more expensive.There are some good reasonably priced hotels found in the outlying areas of the city.
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    Hotels like the Long Hotel in Bronzville or the Best Western in Des Plains offer comfortable rooms at an affordable price. It’s just a short drive on the “L” to downtown Chicago.
  • North Michigan Avenue is where you will find some of the most expensive hotels, such as the Tremont and the Marriott Chicago Downtown. While these luxury hotels may cost more, many of them offer the biggest discounts.
  • If you want a hotel in downtown Chicago, consider a hotel located at the Loop. One of the largest hotels there is the Palmer House Hilton.
  • People looking for hotels in a quieter semi-residential area may want to consider the Lincoln Park neighborhood. You can easily reach Michigan Avenue North and the Loop by taking the Chicago transit trains.
  • Travelers can find some of the best hotel values ​​in Chicago at the airport hotels. Consider staying at Chicago O’Hare Hilton or Hyatt Regency O’Hare Hare

There are many good hotel deals out there if you know where to find them. You don’t have to stay in a cheap hotel to save money – not when you can get discounted travel rates from some of Chicago’s best luxury hotels.


Ann Arbor Suites – Amenities & Reservations

City is the 7th largest city in Michigan. It is named after the wife of the city’s founder and the arbor of the city’s trees. It is home to the University of Michigan and Hospital, technology companies, automakers, research facilities and engineering centers. The city is also flanked by Ann Arbor’s historic museums, parks and recreation areas, shopping centers, performing arts venues and hospitable accommodations.
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It is connected to other US states through the City Municipal Airport. Detroit Metro Airport, 40 kilometers east of the city, connects Ann Arbor internationally. Public transport options are served by the Transportation Authority, Greyhound Lines, Megabus, Amtrak Trains and taxis. The Ann Arbor Convention and the Visitor’s Bureau at 120 West Huron Street provide visitor assistance on attractions to visit and city tours.
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Candlewood Suites – It is located at 701 Waymarket Way Ann Arbor, Michigan, just 8 miles from Municipal Airport. Detroit Metro is 36 km from this hotel. Nearby are the University of Michigan, the Briarwood Mall, the Ann Arbor Practical Museum, the Symphony Orchestra, and the General Motors Power Train. This hotel features 122 suites, facilities for the disabled, free parking, a fitness center, gift shops, business services, free high-speed Internet access, and housekeeping and laundry. Pets are allowed at a rate of $ 75 for 1-6 nights and $ 150 for more than 7 nights. Room features are cable TV, DVD player, video rental, refrigerator, microwave, stove, coffee maker, toaster, dishwasher, glasses and cutlery. A variety of 6 restaurants are in the vicinity of this downtown hotel. A breakfast and snack bar are also available. Fees range from $ 72.99 to $ 97.99. Your contact number is 734-663-2818.

Holiday Inn and Suites- This hotel is located at 3155 Boardwalk Drive Ann Arbor, Michigan. It has 107 non-smoking rooms with 18 whirlpool suites. It is ideally situated near the University of Michigan main campus, Big House, Briarwood Mall and the city center. The hotel has an affordable restaurant – Mallett’s Creek Bar & Grille, indoor pool, hot tub, fitness center, business center, meeting space, and free internet access. It also offers cleaning and laundry services. The rooms are equipped with cable TV, pay per view movies, microwave, refrigerator, coffee maker, iron and board, hair dryer, sofa bed and work area. Suites have a separate living room, hanging closet and spa bath. This hotel suite has rates ranging from $ 124.49 to $ 181.09. The contact number is 734-213-1900.

Quality Inn & Suites- This 126-room hotel is located at 2455 Carpenter Rd. Ann Arbor, Michigan. It is accessible to 3 major universities and colleges in the city, Detroit team parks, Ann Arbor Hands-on Museum, shopping malls and restaurants. The hotel offers free shuttle service to health centers in the region. Key features include indoor heated pool, sauna, fitness room, meeting room, business center, accessible rooms, Braille elevators, valet cleaning service, offsite parking and 100% non-smoking area. Rooms feature free internet access, cable TV, pay movies, multi phone lines, free local calls, voicemail, wake up calls, refrigerators, microwaves, coffeemakers, iron and board and hair dryers. Complimentary continental breakfasts and weekday newspapers are complimentary at this Ann Arbor inn and suite. Rates range from $ 96.99 to $ 104.99, while suites range from $ 119.99 to $ 134.99. Your contact number is 734-973-6100.


The Practical Museum at 220 E. Ann St. has 9 galleries and over 250 interactive exhibits on learning physics, math, nature and health. The Chelsea Teddy Bear Factory at 400 N. Main St. Chelsea features a tour of how to make teddy bears, their history, and a local store. Farm animal interaction, pony rides and birthday party packages are offered at Domino’s Petting Farm on 24 Frank Lloyd Wright Drive. The University of Michigan features a variety of museums such as the Sindecuse Museum of Dentistry, the Detroit Observatory, the Museum of Natural and Planetary History Exhibitions, the Kelsey Archeology Museum and the Stearns Musical Collection. Local Heroes Driving Tour and Underground Railroad Tours should also do activities in the city.

Dear – A story of the nation's oldest surviving sugar beet factory

Michigan's logging industry and the 19th century came to an end. The wood barons had swept the state like a hurricane, as they had done in New England and New York, taking away the last great mound of white pine forests in the world. On their way were dying cities, hundreds of miles of combustible wreckage, eroded swamps, and admiration from those left behind for trading their inheritance for a handful of shiny coins. Timber towns across the state, one of them, Dear, named for some inexplicable reason after Cairo, Egypt, was extinguished.

For a city to have a chance to find a place in the 20th century, it needs an industry. City mayors and other leaders across the state searched for one. In Caro, sugar beet talks rocked from Bay County, where a businessman named Thomas Cranage built a sugar factory in Essexville, a suburb of Bay City, another logging town in search of an economic base to replace wood. The results of Cranage's experiment aroused enthusiasm that quickly replaced the melancholy that had settled in the hearts and minds of the leaders of the faltering logging communities.

Cranage traveled to Nebraska, Utah, New Mexico, and California, where he witnessed the process and talked to the technicians and hired them. He then created the Michigan Sugar Company and, avoiding the mistakes of many entrepreneurs, saw that he had enough capital to survive the disappointments that so often accompany new ventures.

The Michigan Sugar Company benefited not only from good planning, but from the good weather. The first sugar beet harvesting and processing season (called a "campaign" in the beet sugar industry jargon) in the state's history was, by all accounts, a remarkable success. Farmers harvested an average of 10.3 tonnes from each of the 3,103 acres, totaling 32,047 tonnes of sugar beet. The sugar content of the beets averaged 12.93%, with a purity of eighty two percent from which the mill extracted 5,685,552 pounds of sugar. A sugar content of 12.93% meant that each tonne of beet purchased contained 258.6 pounds of sugar. From this, the new sugar factory packed 169 pounds, which equals a total sugar recovery of 69%, an excellent result for a first season.

Chief among the leaders at Caro, Tuscola County's hub of business, was Charles Montague. The city waited to hear what Mr. Montague thought of the sugar conversation.

Montague was 52 when Michigan began opening his eyes to the sugar outlook. He had already achieved success in many fields, including banking, agriculture, wood milling, merchandising and manufacturing. In addition to owning and operating the city's hotel, he operated the local telephone system and the electric lighting company.

For a sugar factory to be built in a city, it took a prominent citizen to embark, someone whose participation would create a wave of enthusiasm – enough to free dollars from hidden places – enough to cause farmers to favorably consider the beet that could enrich. the inhabitants of the city. As it turned out, Dear was one of the few communities in Michigan that did not need to generate investment within the community. In Detroit, 140 kilometers south, eager investors were looking for mature opportunities and closer to home in the nearby city of Vassar, living with a man whose roaming gaze never failed to look for opportunities.

Richard Hoodless lived comfortably in Vasser, a small town named after Mathew Vassar, founder of Vassar University. For many years he traveled the roads of Europe as a buyer of agricultural produce for an English concern. He saw his first sugar beet fields in Germany twenty years earlier, saw thriving factories perched near towns, factories that hired workers, bought supplies and paid taxes to local governments, and often caused a rising tide of sustained prosperity, in which no single citizen or indirectly, was denied. a chance to dive into the treasure formed by the sugar beet fields.

Hoodless sought ways to double the success of German farmers. Luckily, an ad appeared in a Chicago newspaper, published by August Maritzen, a young newlywed architect, who had taken time off his honeymoon to promote business to a manufacturer in Germany whose name could be pronounced by most. Americans. only if they first filled their mouths with marbles. It was A. Wernicke Maschinenbau Aktiengesellschaft from Halle, Germany. Hoodless responded to the announcement, and in return Maritzen offered a significant sum of $ 4,000 (more than $ 80,000 in modern dollars) if Hoodless could generate enough interest to set up a factory in Caro.

On the one hand, Hoodless had in Charles Montague, a wealthy man who loved both opportunity and technology, as evidenced by his control of local telephone and lighting companies, brilliant new features of late-19th-century technology, and, on the other, at Wernicke, an experienced factory builder looking forward to building a factory in the United States. For help, he turned to two friends, Fred Wheat, who was linked to the Montagues by marriage for many years, and John Wilsey. Wheat was a lawyer whose wife was Maria Montague, sister of Charles Montague.

Hoodless then set up a citizens' committee that became the predecessor of the Dear Sugar Company. A committee member, Fred Slocum, also served as editor of the Tuscola County Advertiser and helped promote the idea in his news columns. Farmers in the Caro neighborhood, aware of the excitement provoked by the Essexville experiment, as well as Charles Montague and his associate, banker John Seeley, who gained spurs in coal mining. He served as vice president of Sebewaing Coal Company; an organization led by Spencer O. Fisher, who was also involved with the Essexville Michigan Sugar Company and would later become president of the West Bay City Sugar Company.

After Montague took the ball, he ran into the end zone without considering competitive quotes for the construction of the factory. In fact, it was Wernicke's representative, Max Schroeder, who joined Montague and Seeley on a tour of Detroit one night in January 1899. The night was scorching; the ongoing agreement was hot. The great fear was that some other city would beat Caro hard, pulling dollars from the Tuscola County investment. Time was of the essence.

For a week, the city held its breath as the trio met with major funders in Detroit. Daniel Gutleben in The Sugar Tramp-1954 reported receiving a telegram from Caro's organizing committee, announcing that the investment capitalists had invested in the factory and awarded Wernicke a contract to build it. The Pandemonium "reigned supreme," according to Tuscola County Advertiser. Seeley arrived alone on Tuesday night's train with a story to tell, one that still lives in Caro's memory, transmitted by every subsequent generation and recorded in Daniel Gutleben's chronicles. It's a story that reveals how Charles Montague convinced some passenger vehicles and big-city traders to invest heavily in Michigan's second sugar beet factory.

No one questioned Wernicke's ability to build a factory 6,000 kilometers from its base in a foreign country, where language, customs and economic conditions differed significantly from the country of origin. No one on the board had any experience with the sugar beet factories, nor did the board anticipate the need to hire corporate executives with that experience. After all, Wernicke was the sugar expert, claiming over 200 projects, including one recently completed in Australia. It didn't matter either, because Wernicke enthusiastically signed a contract guaranteeing that the new plant would cut 500 tonnes of beet a day for at least thirty successive days, at a cost of three cents per pound for sugar currently sold in Chicago for six. years. cents per pound at retail.

That a new factory, even built by someone without the disadvantages of building a factory on foreign land, could operate at 500 tons a day during its maiden voyage was unheard of. Inevitable construction problems always created delays; Fine-tuning would prevent the total ability to slice for weeks, sometimes months. In addition, factory teams were more accustomed to chasing plows or felling trees with axes than operating boilers, motors, diffusers, vacuum pans, and evaporators, all in perfect harmony. A year earlier, the builders at the Essexville plant had lost their guarantee to produce sugar for three and a half cents for fifteen cents and paid for it with an expensive out-of-court settlement, a fact unknown to Wernicke or dismissed at a time. of unjustified trust. In addition, Wernicke agreed to finance $ 300,000 of the estimated construction cost of $ 400,000.

For Caro and his investors in Detroit, it was too good a business to pass up. It has improved over time. The village council, as an added incentive, bought 100 acres of land in two parcels, one of which belonged to Charles Montague, and presented it to the factory owners, one of which was Montague. Dear Water Company has sweetened the deal by offering up to 500,000 gallons of spring water free of charge daily.

So Dear, as a result of Montague's energy and Hoodless's ambition and the will of a city that would not be left behind, found himself benefiting from a factory largely paid for by outside investors. Prior to the original name, The Dear Sugar Company, the organizers formed the Peninsular Sugar Refining Company on January 30, 1899 with 30,000 shares with a par value of $ 10. In August of that same year, the capitalization jumped to $ 500,000 and jumped again in February 1902, when it reached $ 750,000. Its final increase came in September 1902, when it advanced to one million dollars – 100,000 shares with a par value of $ 10.00.

The men of money included Detroit industrialists Charles Bewick, who a few years later invested in the East Tawas and Henry B. Joy sugar factory, who in 1905 became president of the Packard Motor Car Company. Joy and members of his family have invested in several Michigan sugar factories, including Alma, Croswell and Bay City. His brother-in-law and co-founder of Packard Motor Car Company, Truman Newberry, also invested in Caro and, along with Joy, became one of the company's directors. In 1918, Newberry would gain fleeting fame as a Michigan Senate seat winner by defeating Henry Ford, another tycoon seeking the same job. (Newberry's fame lasted longer on the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, where they named a town Newberry to commemorate his father's consideration in cutting all the hardwoods he could find and turning them into charcoal.)

David Cady and Gilbert Lee, owners of a large wholesale food distributor in Detroit, owned about 5,000 shares. Gilbert Lee moved into the president's chair, while Henry Joy established himself for a vice presidency.
Within a few years, the Sugar Trust came to town and everything changed. The American Sugar Refining Company referred to all newspapers as Sugar Trust, moved to Michigan in 1901 and 1902, and began to rapidly absorb sugar beet factories. Gone is Charles Montague, whose energy and strength have brought together the pieces that formed the company. So was John Seeley, his friend and partner. Richard Hoodless, who started it all, never made it to the shareholders list.

In 1903, the list of shareholders reflected some of the Sugar Trust's top names. Chief among them was Charles B. Warren, legal advisor to the American Sugar Refining Company, whose 22,001 shares were high on the 1904 shareholder list. The second ranking shareholder was Thomas B. Washington of Boston, Massachusetts, director of American Sugar Refining Company, which held 15,667 shares. He would rise to the presidency of the Sugar Trust four years later with the death of Henry O. Havemeyer, its founder. Third, Lowell Palmer, executive of the American Sugar Refining Company, which held 10,126 shares. Together, the three controlled 48% of the Peninsular Sugar Refining Company. An interesting feature of the shareholder list was the absence of Caro residents' names, except for some Latter-day sugar factory employees.

The American Sugar Refining Company, defamed in the daily press for its monopolistic tendencies and plagued in federal courts for alleged violations of the 1890 Sherman Antitrust Act, has been respected by its 13,000 shareholders who have enjoyed a steady stream of dividends, 12% per year since 1894. An underrated aspect of the Sugar Trust was that it required companies under its jurisdiction to produce high quality products at low cost, and to that end provided expert consultants who traveled from factory to factory providing technical information, supervising training and personnel, and inspection. of the premises.

But in 1899, the interest of the village of Caro lay not in the field of high finance or corporate philosophy, but in the hundreds of workers who needed boarding, food and clothing, as well as the other needs and luxuries that the cash registers caused. touch the whole city. Men, money, equipment, and building materials poured into the village. Forty-eight loads of equipment plus six million bricks and a thousand strands of stone arrived in rapid succession. Three hundred workers, including bricklayers making fifty cents an hour compared with fifteen cents for ordinary workers and five cents for apprentice electricians, created a buzz of activity that began when the snow melted in April and ended on October 23 when Superintendent Georg Bartsch , a noted sugar manufacturing expert with special acclaim earned by his specialization in crystallization and vacuum pan operation, declared the factory ready for operations.

Performance guarantees for the new sugar beet plants plagued those who dared to issue them – and would soon plague Wernicke. The plant, as described by Gutleben, while avoiding some American material preferences, nevertheless represented the main one in the plant design. It had four wrought-iron quad-effect evaporators, providing a combined surface area of ​​8,911 square feet of heating, two 9-1 / 2-foot diameter x 13-foot high pans containing 753 square feet of heating surface and centrifuges that used steam jets for the final sugar wash. Six 700-cubic-foot, spray-cooled vacuum crystallizers installed on the pan floor have accelerated cooling, a modern feature that has improved productivity. Nine water pipe boilers equipped with mechanical stoves provided an adequate supply of steam. A concrete floor, a luxury by Michigan factory standards of the day, separated the factory from the mud and mud below.

Two significant differences between an American design factory and a German design factory caused some immediate grudge. The first was that American managerial style summoned superintendents who inspired the invention of the phrase "manage standing, not sitting," while the German method called for a field officer to command from afar, sending lieutenants to gather information and dispense with managerial wisdom. and dictates.

In addition, the European method of management required a great deal of secrecy between managers and managers, and technicians reserved their knowledge for themselves, sharing what they knew only with children or with those who paid dearly for instructions. The departmental factory fits the European management style perfectly. For this reason, Caro's factory consisted of several separate rooms or departments, the effect of which made communication difficult and increased the number of workers required to operate the factory. The messengers rushed between the rooms delivering requests and information, not always as timely as circumstances required. The deal in later years would make it difficult to expand the factory; The expansion of one area usually occurred at the expense of another. Kilby-built factories, those built by Joseph Kilby of Cleveland, Ohio, considered by many to be the leading builder of sugar mills, provided enough space for two and more generations of successive development to increase capacity by five times with only small additions to structures or foundations.

Wernicke's track record from a practical and fair point of view, however, was excellent. Between March 1, 1899 and October 23 of the same year, the German company had shipped much of the German factory. It then organized the design and construction of a complete operating facility in a relatively new sector in a foreign country in just under seven months, becoming the first of eight beet sugar factories built in Michigan in 1899 that made the second such factory built. in Michigan after Essexville. By the standards of 1899 and over a hundred years later, Wernicke's conquest is a monumental conquest. In addition to the usual disruptions, the factory had also operated and, in some cases, better than any startup started that year.

Due to the loss of records, specifically the sugar content of the processed beets, the results of the first campaign can only be estimated. Nearby, Bay City reported a sugar content of 13% and 11% elsewhere in the state. Applying an average of 12 percent to the harvest received at Caro indicates that the new factory recovered 66 percent of sugar from beets, compared favorably with 61 percent recovered at Benton Harbor, but lacking Alma, where the recovery reached 72 percent. Percent.

As encouraging as the results were, the mere fact that Wernicke failed to meet three conditions stipulated in the contract, failures that would result in a hurried walk to the wood shed. First, the factory did not cut 500 tonnes per day for 30 consecutive days as warranted. Second, the cost exceeded three cents per pound; and third, the factory was not ready to accept beets on September 1, 1899, as promised. In addition, according to the company, the sugar produced lacked marketability and much was lost in the process. It was then that Wernicke learned the contentious nature of Michigan's pioneering sugar makers.

It may be that the company gave in to Wernicke's exceptional effort, except that the directors contemplated operating losses because the State of Michigan decided to withhold payment of a promised reward for any sugar produced after January 1, 1899. The reward provided The state treasury paid a penny for every pound of sugar produced in Michigan from sugar beet, but had been declared unconstitutional by the Auditor General, a decision later confirmed by the State Supreme Court. The decision was a disaster for investors because a penny was approximately one third of operating costs. The United States Supreme Court declined to consider the case, giving rise to the mistaken belief that the decision upheld the lower court decision. Unredeemed reward money totaled $ 40,436; a much needed compensation for an approximate loss of $ 65,000.

When the time came to bring Wernicke to court, the company's directors chose as his lawyer, Charles Evans Hughes, a brilliant lawyer destined to become the president of the Supreme Court. In preparing for his day in court with Wernicke, Hughes learned from the outset the German language and the sugar beet industry to allow him to interrogate German engineers who appeared as expert witnesses. According to James Howell, a former Caro factory overseer who authored a detailed account of Caro's factory history, Hughes spent a month at Caro's factory exploring every nook and cranny until he became an expert in its design. and function.

The ensuing lawsuit, according to Gutleben, resulted in the loss of Wernicke's $ 300,000 underwriting title, seventy-five percent of the contract price, causing Wernicke to withdraw completely from building sugar factories in the United States. Howell, writing six years before Gutleben, gave a slightly altered account. He reported that Wernicke sent $ 150,000 and forgave $ 125,000 still due in the construction contract.

Soon, Oxnard Construction Company appeared in Dear to affect the changes in the factory, none of which were relevant in terms of the original construction. US-made centrifuges used by the American Tool Machine Company, often referred to as "Amtool" in the industry, replaced those of German design. A major change had nothing to do with defects in the original design. It was the addition of the Steffen process to remove sugar from molasses. One of the main problems of the time was the high proportion of sugar that escaped the manufacturing process and ended its days mixed with molasses, the leftover gum syrup.
The financial results of the second year were impressive. The new centrifuge and Steffens processes (called Steffen's House in the industry) have proved their worth. Seven million pounds of sugar went through the warehouse, the thirty-two-thousand-ton beet product containing 14 percent sugar. The mill extracted 243 pounds of sugar from each ton of beet, a 35% improvement over the first year. Steffen's new process not only recovered sugar from the approximately twenty tons of molasses produced per day, but also recovered sugar from the remaining molasses from the previous season.

Henry Oxnard founds a management dynasty in Dear
Henry Oxnard did more than just redesign a factory when he applied his efforts to the problems then at Caro; he founded an administrative dynasty that would permanently influence not only Caro's factory, but also America's fledgling sugar beet industry. Almost ten years earlier, in 1891, Henry Oxnard had recruited from Germany and France some of the best and most educated technicians of the time who, upon arriving in the United States, formed the core of a cadre who would begin to train Americans in sugar production. Beetroot

Having formed his first level of management, Oxnard began to provide the mechanical engineering department. For general construction management responsibilities, he turned to AP Cooper, which had served at the pioneering Ames, Nebraska factory as an assistant engineer. Cooper promptly surveyed Caro's factory and set in motion a plan to affect the changes, setting up a duet of designers who had accompanied him to Caro. One was Daniel Gutleben, who would someday climb the ranks of leading factory operators and even later as a chronicler of the history of the sugar beet industry.

At the two highest levels, Oxnard handled the placement of a group of promising workers who lacked adequate training but could perform with a high degree of satisfaction if given proper tutelage.

Charles Sieland, 36, a native of Germany, employed by Oxnard to oversee the changes, repudiated his compatriots' tendency to withhold information except for the financial reward. He adopted Henry Oxnard's philosophy of sharing information. Dear, in his mind, was not just a factory, but a university as well. A long list of technicians and plant managers began their careers in Caro under their tutelage and then brought their shared knowledge to others as they moved from factory to factory. One of them was William Hoodless, the son of the same Richard Hoodless who had started rolling for a factory in Caro. Within a few years, he assumed responsibility for all plant operations and shortly thereafter accepted the presidency of the Pennsylvania Sugar Refinery in Philadelphia.

In 1906, the Sugar Trust consolidated most of its Michigan stakes in one company, the Michigan Sugar Company, reviving the name of the first company to build a sugar factory in Michigan. The new Michigan Sugar Company included Alma Sugar Company, Bay City-Michigan Sugar Company, Peninsular Sugar Refining Company, Carrollton Sugar Company, Croswell Sugar Company and Sebewaing Sugar Company. At the time, the Trust, through appointed shareholders, held a majority stake in the Blissfield Sugar Company built a year earlier in 1905, and East Tawas Sugar Company, a company, despite failing as a commercial venture in 1904, had a fine. . Kilby-built factory that the Sugar Trust used in Chaska, Minnesota, where it operated for the next sixty-six years. Carrollton Sugar Company also included the defunct Saginaw Sugar Company, owner of another Kilby-built factory in Sterling, Colorado, where he served from 1905 to 1985. Charles Warren assumed the presidency of the Michigan Sugar Company, a post he held until 1925.

By 1920, the sun had set at the Sugar Trust. Following a generation of resilient attacks from various federal agencies, including the US Department of Justice and the Interstate Commerce Commission, the American Sugar Refining Company gradually sold its many components to private investors, and thus the Michigan Sugar Company broke free of its hold. Sugar's claws. Trust in. His entire post-trust board of directors consisted of Michigan residents, none of whom had any association with the Sugar Trust, except its chairman, Charles B. Warren, whose interest was now beyond Japan's Ambassador, 1921-1922. , and then ambassador to Mexico in 1924. He lost his attempt to become US Attorney General in 1925 during a politically charged Senate vote, influenced by an aversion to Warren's former Sugar Trust association. His aspirations for public sector office kept him out of the president's office, a position skillfully held by William H. Wallace, who held the title of 3d vice president and general manager. The first and second vice presidencies fell on some of the heavyweight shareholders who had no involvement in day-to-day activities.

Dear survive time and change
Thanks to James Howell, Caro's superintendent who began in 1944, who prepared a story recorded in 1948, he learned that Caro began to stock beets in the factory yard in 1937, an important step for growers who after handing over the beets to the factory. , could meet the needs of other crops, whereas in the past it was necessary to provide the beets as they were needed.

During the period from 1928 to 1937, Caro's factory, like almost all Michigan sugar beet factories, suffered the negative effects of the Great Depression. However, from 1937 to the present day, Dear reported constant improvements in terms of modernization and expansion. White sugar centrifuges and a new pulp store were added in 1944. A centrifuge is a device designed to separate sugar crystals from syrup by filtering the syrup through a screen that rotates fast enough (usually about 1,200 rpm) to create a centrifugal force that drives the syrup through holes in a swivel basket. The sugar crystals remain in the basket while the syrup recirculates in the process to recover more sugar. These and other changes have caused the average daily slice rate to expand to over 3,600 tonnes every 24 hours from the 500 tonnes per day in the original design, making it a relatively small factory compared to others in the US. States that range from two times greater than four times greater.

If Caro has a secret to survive for over 100 years, it is that the rebuilt Oxnard factory has remained precisely that for many years and remains today, facing challenges as they arise, gaining support from its community and changing when occasion and opportunity arises. unite to compel change. Thus, the oldest surviving sugar beet plant in the United States remains in a fast-paced industry.

HOWELL, James, A History of the Michigan Sugar Company Dear Factory, an unpublished account of the history of the Dear Factory, May 1, 1948

GUTTLEBEN, Daniel, The Sugar Tramp – 1954 p.182 sobre a compra de fábricas de açúcar pelo Sugar Trust, p. 177 sobre a organização da Sebewaing Sugar e os resultados operacionais, impressos pela Bay Cities Duplicating Company, São Francisco, Califórnia

MARQUIS, Albert Nelson, editor, The Book of Detroiters, páginas 465-468, AN Marquis & Company, Chicago, 1908 – sobre a biografia de Charles B. Warren

RELATÓRIOS ANUAIS DA MICHIGAN, Arquivos de Michigan, Lansing, Michigan:
A Peninsular Sugar Refining Company entrou em 1904 e a Michigan Sugar Company entrou em 1924

MOODY, John, The Truth about the Trusts, em referência ao comentário de que o Sugar Trust começou a comprar empresas de açúcar de beterraba em Michigan em 1902 e pagamentos de dividendos entre 1892 e 1900.

ESTADOS UNIDOS. No Tribunal Distrital dos Estados Unidos para o distrito sul de Nova York
Estados Unidos vs. American Sugar Refining Co., et al. página 1674, Exposição do peticionário # 1494

Copyright, 2009, Thomas Mahar, Todos os direitos reservados

Find great vacation spots for your family

People's taste in vacation spots is as varied as the taste in cars and food. But there are a few things almost every family should think about before booking this great getaway. Here is some information that can help ensure your trip is one that all members of your family will love.

First, firmly identify what your travel budget will be. You can't just take into consideration the cost of the hotel, the plane tickets or the fuel needed to get there if you are traveling by car. You need to think about food, gifts to take home, to your friends and other family members, etc. You may be better off trying an all-inclusive destination, or you may want to go for a cheaper hotel so you will have more money to enjoy the views.

It also won't hurt if your hotel offers free gifts for the children in your family. A good hotel will want your business badly and should gladly offer certain advantages that will make them more attractive to you. This can be a great way to narrow your choices if you are split between two or three places. In addition, you can be assured that you and your children will be welcomed with open arms.

You'll also want to have as much of a plan as possible, because the best vacation spots will have a lot to do and see. You want to make the most of your trip so you don't waste a lot of time trying to figure out where to go when you get to your destination. This is the case if you are simply going to the beach or if you are traveling to another continent.

Plan exactly what you want to do by getting information from your spouse and children. After all, this is a trip for the whole family and you want everyone to enjoy it. You might think of this as a learning experience for your children as they will receive a commitment lesson and learn the benefits of trying new things. In addition to helping you plan your schedule, it will also help you plan your budget.

Many great vacation locations offer childcare options if you and your spouse want to spend the night alone. Your hotel should definitely have this option in itself or recommend a babysitting or childcare service you can trust. Make sure you not only know the availability, but also the cost.

This is a special opportunity to plan a trip that you will all enjoy for years. By being careful in choosing the vacation spots you wish to visit, you will have the best chance of making this trip a stimulating success.

Chicago for food lovers – On or off the circuit, Chicago is a gastronomic city

Whether your idea of ​​a perfect meal is a melt-in-the-mouth steak, main course vegetables, Chicago-style pizza, classic diner or exotic dishes from another culture, you'll find a favorite restaurant in Chicago.

For steaks and red meat lovers, The Capital Grille (633 N Saint Clair Street) features the finest dry steaks and award winning wines. Everything from the exclusive Roquefort veal cutlet with butter sauce to the Steak au Poivre with Courvoisier cream is so tempting. Viand (155 East Ontario) has more than just red – pasta and fish are also served – but why not enjoy a great red meat dish from a chef whose family owns Chicago's oldest meat packing company? If you enjoy red meat sports, check out the NFL restaurant, Mike Ditka's Hall (100 E. Chestnut), with an upstairs cigar lounge.

If you're more vegetarian as a main course, you can't go wrong at Green Zebra (1460 West Chicago Ave), where the emphasis is on seasonally changing, exclusive vegetarian dishes. Or try a different kind of restaurant experience at The Chicago Diner (3411 N. Halsted Street), which claims to be "meat free from 83".

Locals swear Gino's East of Chicago (633 N. Wells Street) and Lou Malnati's Pizzeria (439 N. Wells Street) for irresistible Chicago-style pizza. Think deep dish with dripping cheese, rich sauce and fresh toppings. Yum!

For breakfast and more, the Bongo Room (1152 S. Wabash Ave) at Wicker Park is a one-of-a-kind cafeteria with distinctive flair like raspberry cheese pies. The Manny's Coffee Shop and Deli (1141 S. Jefferson St) offer classic eateries. Come hungry, leave it full.

If your taste buds like to venture abroad, Roy's (720 N. State St) offers Hawaiians some aloha. For the best of two cultures, Dee's Mandarin (1114 Armitage Ave) offers Chinese cuisine and a great sushi bar. Wishing for a Thai cuisine? Dine at Vong's Thai Cuisine (6 W. Hubbard St), a derivation of the Thai-French New York Vong merger. Enjoy the famous Greek city of Chicago on the Coast & # 39; s (340 S. Halsted St). Try Bistro Margot (1437 N. Wells St) for the soul-satisfying coq au vin and other French delights. Coobah (3423 N. Southport Ave) serves Latin American until late, along with a good party. Spiaggia (980 N. Michigan Ave) is the ultimate choice for upscale Italians with generous views of Lake Michigan. At The India House (59 W. Grand Ave), you can enjoy food from various Indian regions.

For fabulous desserts, along with your meal, try A Taste of Heaven (5401 N. Clark St), Nine Steak House (440 W. Randolph St) or Maggiano's Little Italy (516 N. Clark St). If you're going to a Chicago restaurant for a sumptuous meal, CRSHotels.com has the perfect hotel for you. Choose Sutton Place, Seneca Hotel or Whitehall Hotel. Enjoy Hotel Amalfi, Ambassador East Hotel or Raffaello Hotel. Stay at the Congress Plaza Hotel & Conference Center, Best Western Grant Park, or Inn of Chicago Magnificent Mile.

13 Buttonholes Joann C Odenwelder

Joann C. Odenwelder's Buttonholes were created from stories her mother told her about her time working in a navy uniform factory and falling in love during World War II. It was also formed by his love of adventure, the state of Texas, and his love of learning.

Odenwelder's main character is Annie Capelli. The story begins when she is 17 in 1942, living in Pennsylvania with her parents, older sister and younger brother. She works in a navy uniform factory as a buttonhole. She believes she is in love and has the dream of being a wife and mother in her heart. The problem is that she has chosen the wrong person to share the dream with and it takes several years to find out.

Annie marries the love of her life – Kenneth. As if she were living the fairy tale in her mind, they have two children. Her husband leaves his family farm to start his own successful retail business. When she thinks life is as perfect as possible, the couple takes a vacation with their sister and brother-in-law that change their lives forever.

It's 1952 and Annie's sister Josie and brother-in-law Earl and her husband decide to move to Texas, buy a hotel and coffee in the middle of nowhere and infiltrate the booming economy. Annie is incredulous, but as is her personality at the time, she follows and fulfills all that is asked of her and more. She works the night shift, raises her children, takes care of advertising, and makes all the "goers" very happy.

Then, in a terrible moment of fulfillment, Annie sees her husband for the cad he is and opts for divorce – not something done in the early 1950's by a woman with two young children. Then she strikes her sister and brother-in-law again, no longer wanting to run the now very successful hotel and café.

Annie shows what she's made of – she defends the rights of the various minorities, serving everyone involved in the same dining room, keeping her customers, buying her family and controlling the company.

Does she do everything herself? No, your sister and brother-in-law don't get Annie in trouble – they rearrange their plans and change jobs, leaving Annie sole proprietor but staying in Texas. She also meets Blair Metcalfe, the lawyer who helps her get her divorce and preserve as much of her dignity as possible. He also falls in love with Annie and her children.

He helps her find her way through the 1950s culture that goes out of her way to challenge and destroy any woman who tries to do so in the men's world.

As with any novel that relates the life of a particular character, Annie starts out very idealistic and young. Her transformation was necessary, but it happened a little too quickly and easily. Yes, there was divorce, his brother wanting to go out of business and his transformation from a loving wife and mother into an independent businesswoman, but that didn't happen until the last few chapters.

And while Annie promised never to trust a man again and try to be "free," I note that the author couldn't help but see that in Blair Metcalfe, Annie had found her true soul mate.

As for the 13 buttonholes – it was only mentioned as the position where Annie worked in the early chapters and then near the end to explain to Blair about the notes that the seamstresses put on some uniforms at the end. He closed the story, but it didn't really serve as much purpose as it should have given the point that it was the title of the book.

How to prevent car accidents and pedestrian injuries

Pedestrian Safety Tips and Safe Driving Tips for Everyone Be safe and be seen!

Did you know that more than 5,000 pedestrians die each year in the United States because they are hit by motor vehicles or bicycles? To be safe when sharing sidewalks and streets, it is important to be aware of your surroundings. By taking simple precautions, you can prevent injuries and possible deaths.

Three of the most common accidents involving vehicles and pedestrians are caused when pedestrians make the following mistakes:

1) Cross a road that is not at the intersection (pedestrian walk).

2) Walk on the road, not on the side of the road.

3) Walk the road in the same direction as moving vehicles.

To help prevent these accidents, follow these simple pedestrian safety tips:

  • BE SEEN: Avoid common traffic hazards.
  • Wait for drivers to stop and make eye contact before crossing a street. Don't assume they see you.
  • Cross a marked corner or walkway, following the traffic signs.
  • Sidewalks are obviously safer than roads, but watch out for driveway traffic.
  • If there is no sidewalk, walk on the left side of the road, facing traffic.
  • Cyclists should ride with the flow of traffic, preferably on marked lanes.
  • Look left-right-left before crossing any street and keep looking to the other side.
  • Do not start crossing if a red light is flashing.
  • When crossing a green light, observe in all directions the direction of the cars.
  • Place a safety flag on a wheelchair, motorized cart, or stroller for visibility.

Sharing public spaces with vehicle traffic requires extra care and attention from everyone. When everyone is courteous and cautious, it is safe to walk, bike, skate, wheelchair or even scoot. We all need to avoid risky situations and when drivers follow these safety tips we all get to where we are going safely!

  • BE SAFE: Slow down, look, anticipate.
  • Careful driving begins when you turn the ignition key.
  • Sidewalks and parking areas are dangerous. Remove yourself slowly, observing from all sides pedestrians or passers-by.
  • In public garages, drive-through businesses, and commercial lots, beware of people who walk or walk. Look in each direction, especially as they are crossing sidewalks and marked paths.
  • Before turning on the red lights, drivers must stop completely.
  • Make sure no pedestrians, runners, cyclists or wheelchair users are crossing or waiting for the crossing. They have the right of way.
  • Drivers who turn left at the green traffic lights must also give in to the intersection.

A Traditional English Tea Party

Usually reserved for society's "upper crust", formal afternoon tea has served as great entertainment for kings and queens for nearly two centuries. Starting with the right atmosphere, many people love the art of having afternoon tea in a tea room, the formal lobby of an elegant old hotel or the formal gardens of one's home. Certainly, an environment unlike any you may have experienced would be the most appropriate place to host your traditional English tea.

Some tearooms have special items on the menu that are conducive to your specific region. Michigan Cherry Scones are a wonderful find in tearooms throughout the state! You'll also find many interesting "tea-related" gift items in many of these small but traditional places. Look for a tea room that sells the same mix of cookies they use in the selected menu items.

Most teas start with an ice cream punch served in tall champagne glasses. This color and presence set the stage for a party separate from the rest. It also offers guests the opportunity to mingle and mingle before sitting down for tea. If you are organizing your tea party in a formal garden, use garden colors for your tablecloths and napkins. Try to create place settings that "shine" and compliment the gardens and their surroundings. Your menu should be a selection of small sandwiches, scones and sweets, but always very light. Beautiful garden strawberries and fresh fruit should accompany your plate of English scones.

Background music or a harpist at the entrance to your tea room sets the stage for guests to arrive and anticipate an afternoon to remember.

Wench by Dolen Perkins-Valdez: A Book Review

I was ready to give Dolen Perkins-Valdez's Wench a half nod when I remembered one kind of research conversation I had participated in a few years ago. The questions that we (a group of writers freely connected through an online writing board) were asked: If we lived as slaves in America, what kind of slave would we be: the black house or the Harriet Tubman / Nat Turner type. Most of the answers focused on being Black Moses and Turner. The researcher said she herself was not sure. His answer made me wonder especially because I was one of those who clung to Tubman's dynamics. All enslaved Africans did not adhere to flight / fight mode. And who has the genocidal nature of slavery in silence?

What about those whose names we don't know because the only worthy thing they did was survive? With this book, Wench, we find the story of four of these characters – Lizzie, Rennie, Sweet and Mawu – some of whom have a tendency to run away. The four women are reunited during a series of summers in the decade before the Civil War, when their "owners" vacation at Tawawa House in Tawawa Springs, Ohio – a free state. (A Brief Observation of History – Due to the continued presence of slave owners and their slaves, the hotel began to lose money. The hotel, land, and surrounding area were sold and soon became Wilberforce University, now the most former African American private university in the US)

The series of events that the four slave lovers (and their fellow men – enslaved and free) experience over the course of a series of summers testifies to a will to survive – a will with a contrary existence in a society that thrived on denial of it. same will. My change of heart (from the first half of the nod to one more statement) occurred as I delved deeper into the book. Of particular interest was the main character, Lizzie (named Eliza, but renamed Lizzie by his owner's wife after he moved her to the big house). She commits actions in which a cursory reading would have her labeling her as a collaborator in her own oppression – to say nothing of the damage her actions cause to other characters. However, as I read more, I realized that life under slavery was not so black and white (no pun intended).

Perkins-Valdez's way of getting the reader to a deeper understanding of the nature of slavery is so effective as to say that perhaps – perhaps I was like Eliza – concerned mainly with my children – wondering what "Master" would do to her. them if i broke and ran. Perhaps falling in love with a human puppy with the person convinced he is yours and having sex with him was considered a viable exchange for learning to read – and subsequently reading stolen newspapers for those who share his slavery. Perhaps. Just maybe. Perhaps this moves slightly in the direction of potentiality when I read in the author's note after the end of the novel that "it is believed that union children between slave women and slave owners were among (Wilberforce) 's first students. "

"Kane & Abel" by Jeffery Archer – A Tale of Two Unusual Men and Their Revenge

A story that is beyond comparison to anything I've read so far! A very unusual story of two men who had nothing in common except the day of their birth – April 18, 1906 …

Wladek or Abel Rosnovski's childhood was very difficult and he should be called a survivor. He found his father, the Baron, only to lose him forever to death in a few moments. In fact, he owned the castle, but was forced to stay in jail and on the roadside. He survived all the cruelty of Germans and Russians because he was destined to be the man behind Baron Group's phenomenal success of hotels. He finally got his life completely destroying William Kane.

William Kane, born into a very wealthy banker family, receives all the materialistic comforts of life but loses his father at a very young age. Although he had all the privileges of being a rich heir, he never inherited them, he always gained privileges. He was brilliant in studies and a very discerning investor. His childhood was safer, but he always showed a lot of strength of character. He can handle Henry very well after his mother's death, he can earn the respect and trust of Lester's directors. Her wholehearted devotion to the only woman in her life and dedication to her best friend Mathew through the thick and thin is truly inspiring and worthy of applause.

Kane and Abel will fight for their nation in the war! Kane saves by supporting Abel the moment he really needs it, to be completely destroyed by Abel in the end. But what did he do with Abel …

It was an unusual story that would always remain with the reader as it played some chord inside you. The two men unknowingly saved each other's lives and consciously destroyed themselves! In this story, it's hard to appreciate just one man at any given time, both are good, both are brilliant in their own way, both are survivors, fighters, and both are cunning. Somehow I found Kane a man of principle, though Abel was the fighter and the survivor in the true sense.

Once you started reading this book, you would not realize how fast it is and very soon you would have forgotten everything else because of this book. A book that should be read for every fiction lover. Jeffery Archer's wonderful work!

Miracle of Mineral Baths

As early as 73 BC, hot springs or mineral baths served as places of health and rejuvenation. King Herod, Roman King of Judea, created one of the world's first Dead Sea health resorts. Queen Cleopatra built a cosmetics and pharmaceutical factory there. During the Roman Empire, almost every city had access to mineral baths that were used for public bathing, exercise, and socialization. From the UK to Germany and Algeria, bathrooms were found.

The world-famous hot springs of Baden-Baden in Germany have attracted visitors for centuries. Located along the river Oos, Baden-Baden welcomed the ancient Romans, Queen Victoria of England and contemporary visitors from all walks of life. Considered one of the most elegant bathrooms in Europe, Baden-Baden is created by some 29 hot springs, which are transferred via pipes to various city baths. Patients still come today for gout relief, paralysis, skin conditions and more.

Native Americans recognized the healing powers of mineral baths, believing they were a special gift to people of a Great Spirit. All of these day spa goers found that essential mineral baths were effective in treating a number of ailments including psoriasis, acne, rheumatism and indigestion. Spanish explorer Hernando DeSoto crossed the Vapors Valley in the early 1500s. He was one of the first Europeans to discover the healing powers of what is now known as Hot Springs, Arkansas.

DeSoto was just one of many who came to discover these magical hot springs, from which Hot Springs National Park was formed. Called "The American Spa", Hot Springs has a rich history and others soon followed. Another American classic, the Roosevelt Bathhouse in Saratoga Springs, New York, attracted sophisticated 19th-century travelers to soak in its soothing mineral waters. Part of the Gideon Putnam Resort, guests believe that waters offer preventive benefits and that the use of mineral sources helps reduce stress and strengthen the overall functioning of the body.

These waters also gave rise to playgrounds for the rich and famous. Almost a century ago, VIP guests traveled by train to Mount Clemens, Michigan, or "America's Bath City" to experience the magical mineral waters there. Pumped 1,400 feet below the city, the waters of Mount Clemens were enjoyed by people like Henry Ford, William Randolph Hearst and Babe Ruth. The baths were known to relieve the pain of arthritis, rheumatism and eczema. It was also a Mecca for polio patients. The thriving therapeutic industry has been supported by 11 large bathrooms and dozens of resort hotels in the city.

Inaugurated during the Golden Age, the West Baden Springs Hotel in French Lick, Indiana, featured a fantastic vaulted ceiling that was considered the "Eighth Wonder of the World." A national landmark, West Baden's reputation as a resort in mineral springs has attracted visitors from all over the USA to relax and heal. The 2007 renovation included a 27,000 square foot spa with full-body capsules featuring the famous mineral water that made West Baden Springs an undeniable first-class resort.

Mineral sources have also given rise to innovative body treatments. For example, at Harbin Hot Springs in Middleton, California, therapist Harold Dull developed Watsu, which is a combination of zen shiatsu with water. Warm and inviting natural pools are located across the 2,000-acre property. The Hot Springs, Virginia, Homestead welcomed Thomas Jefferson, who considered water bathing three times a day for three weeks as a restorative measure. Today's guests can still "take in the waters" while also indulging in luxury spa treatments.

Five exciting panoramic views for quad biking

Nothing is more exciting than exploring the deeper beauty of nature's wonders than riding a four-wheeled off-road vehicle. This allows you to discover and enjoy beyond nature's perfection with breathtaking views of meadows, forests, lakes and deserts. Riding on your ATV, below are the most exciting US trails to explore.

Boulders OHV Track – Arizona

Professional travelers and novices will appreciate the Boulders OHV's smooth, fascinating trails in Arizona. The place will fascinate you with the hieroglyphic mountains that complement the wonderful view of the desert. Cyclists will be pleased with the 200-meter desert trails. The winding and marked trails that the sand and gravel washed through the desert fields and the saguaro cacti are among the best riding experiences this place has to offer.

Anchorage, Alaska

The splendid view of Alaska's Anchorage can best be explored as you ride on your ATV. Be delighted to discover its hidden wonders inland with the vast panorama of the diverse wildlife that flourishes in valleys, meadows and ancient mining areas. Passing through this area can make you relax with the refreshing view of the waterfalls and winding rivers, where you can stop for salmon fishing. The beauty of this place never ends here; Your reward is completed with snow-capped mountains. Your trip will surely be fascinating with Alaskan gems of colossal glaciers that depend on river conditions. Save your camera's memory enough to capture the imposing treasures of this destination.

Ponta Delgada – Michigan

If you're an ATV enthusiast, Great Lakes will surprise you with its exciting off-road experiences. Take an adventure filled with mud pits, miles of trails, rocky hills or rolling dunes at Bundy Hill, located in the southern city of Jerome. Similarly, the Upper Peninsula of Michigan is also an ideal destination for those who love the off road. Your ATV ride will absolutely be an experience to embark on a verdant forest of lush pine and cedar trees as well as the attractive view of its lakes.

Trails in Hatfield McCoy – West Virginia

Open year-round for adventures and off-road adventures, Hatfield McCoy Trails in southern West Virginia will offer the most memorable quad bike ride, SXS driving or mountain biking. Discover a spectacular experience with the region's gigantic seven-track system where a grudge of two conflicting families has taken hold. Enjoy one of the world's largest and expanding trails that consist of seven to include Pinnacle Creek, Little Coal River, Indian Ridge, Rock House, Buffalo Mountain, Bearwallow and the recently added Pocahontas. Through this attraction we increased the benefit of the local economy. There are amenities in the surrounding areas such as gas stations, restaurants and hotels to rest after a full day adventure. This place will not only provide an ideal place for fun and excitement, but also a convenience that truly marks a remarkable experience.

Piaute Trail – Utah

One of the best ways to experience an exciting ATV ride is to visit the Piaute ATV trail located on Monroe Mountain in central Utah. This trail consists of 275 scenic miles of curves in southern central Utah. For those looking for true adventurous terrain or a smooth riding experience, this place is the ideal destination. Pilots will be delighted by the abundant panoramic view of the site, which will transport them through the vast green meadows, ancient calderas, red rock gorges, the lush and thick expanses of Quaking Aspen. Those wishing to experience breathtaking and long adventures will appreciate the Piaute Trail.